NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance project improves the in-theatre situational awareness and facilitates effective decision-making
In today’s world, we face a complex and unpredictable security environment, comprised of crisis and instability across the Middle East and North Africa
and terrorist threats in regions previously considered safe. A large number of severe natural disasters around the Globe have complicated the picture, as well. To effectively meet
and respond to this dynamic paradigm, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) runs several programs aimed at delivering timely and coherent intelligence in support of
decision-making and appropriate response.
Responding to modern threats
Amongst the largest and most comprehensive NATO projects in recent years is the Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) program, with a budget of 1.7
billion USD. The NATO AGS consists of a complete and integrated ground surveillance capability that delivers the Alliance and its nations unrestricted and unfiltered access
to persistent wide-area terrestrial and maritime surveillance data in near-real-time (NRT). It is set to work under all weather conditions in a flawless interoperable manner.
NATO AGS’s main task is to improve the in-theatre situational awareness and facilitate effective decision-making. Whether it is a territory with military conflicts, humanitarian
crises, terrorist threats or post-disaster situations, NATO AGS’s ultimate goal is to save people’s lives.
The NATO AGS Air segment is made up of airborne radar sensors. The Ground segment consists of fixed, transportable and mobile ground stations for data exploitation and dissemination.
All components are seamlessly connected through high-performance data links.
Five Northrop Grumman’s autonomous aircraft systems, based on the US Air Force Block 40 Global Hawk, are responsible for handling the AGS Air segment. With a maximum flight altitude of
60,000 feet /18,000 m and a flight duration of over 30 hours, Global Hawk has proved high capabilities in critical missions in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya. Its sibling, AGS NATO RQ-4D
remotely piloted aircraft, has been specially adapted to NATO requirements to provide a state-of-the-art Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) capability to the Alliance.
It is equipped with an MP-RTIP (Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program) - an active phased-array side-looking radar for imaging (SAR - Synthetic Aperture Radar) and moving
target indication (GMTI - Ground Moving Target Indication) properties. At the end of November 2019, the first RQ-4D landed at its new home - the AGS Main Operating Base at Sigonella,
Italy. Once all five aircraft arrive at Sigonella, a verification phase will start to ensure full compliance between the Air and Ground systems, aiming at initial operational capability
in the first half of 2020.
NATO AGS is a complicated and extensive project. As such, it requires comprehensive cooperation among many partners and contributors. Run by the Prime Contractor and
leading global security company Northrop Grumman, NATO AGS involves IT companies from 14 European countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia). First level subcontractors are the German EADS and SELEX Galileo (now Leonardo) from Italy.
The Italian company was in charge of two entity types related to the Ground segment located at the Main Operating Base, interacting with the Air Vehicle Management and
Command & Control capabilities and the other available entities connected through the LAN. Bianor was one of the two Bulgarian companies (with the other is TechnoLogica) selected by SELEX as
Industrial Partners for the project.
Bianor’s task was to develop a software module responsible for providing Main Operating Base and Transportable General Ground Station entities the functionalities of
dealing with motion and primary imagery data streams, following respective NATO standards - STANAGs. In other words, Bianor created a software infrastructure capable of processing multiple
simultaneous data streams coming to the Front End Processor from all external sources (aircraft or ground radars). The term “processing” here encompasses the ability to extract metadata/telemetry
information from numerous synchronous feeds and convert it to engineering data structures, suitable for further management by other software components, stored in archives, or visualized on monitor
screens of the Operator Workstation. The particularity of the task comes from two main directions. The first is the specifics of the NATO standards. They are much more descriptive and definitive
than the civil ones and require extra time for in-depth recognition. The second cause for the uniqueness of the task comes from the technical side. Namely, the massive data amount that the software
has to handle to provide mission-critical information in near-real-time, without any interruption. Also, due to the immense security demands, the team was restricted from using certain coding
languages and technologies and had to count on others, which were not always the most straightforward or most usual for achieving the specific and desired outcome.
Being involved in such a large-scale project whose objective is to provide better Global security for years to come, is a valuable experience for every partner. The
latter is especially valid for companies like Bianor, that are experiencing it for the first time and are based in one of the youngest NATO country members. It is not just about the technical
experience, but the emotional satisfaction of contributing to a better and safer world for our children and grandchildren.
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